LASER SUN DAMAGE TREATMENT FOR SUN DAMAGED SKIN, PHOTOAGING
Dermatologists refer to sun damaged skin by several names, including photoaging, photodamage, solar damage, or sun damage.
Irregular areas of reddish-brown pigmentation characterize poikiloderma. It’s most common on the neck and upper chest in chronically sun-exposed areas.
It happens when ultraviolet light (UV) from the sun or tanning beds hits skin unprotected by sunscreen, causing DNA changes at a cellular level. Because sun damage happens in the deepest layers of the skin—the dermis—it can take years before the damage surfaces and becomes visible. The result from these UV light rays permanently damages the skin’s structure.
Signs of sun damage begin in the teens to early twenties. Symptoms of sun damaged skin include the following:
- Pigmentation changes such as age spots, liver spots (solar lentigines) and freckles
- Loss of skin tone (decreased elasticity)
- Rough, uneven skin texture
- Broken capillaries (spider veins), usually around the nose and chest
- Redness and blotchiness
What is Sun Damaged Skin and Best Laser Sun Damage Treatment
The term “Sun Damaged Skin” is frequently used by dermatologists and skincare experts, but what does it mean? To properly comprehend the entire spectrum of sun damage, a little explanation is required. Sun damage is a term used to describe a range of skin alterations that occur as a direct result of sun and UV radiation exposure. Skin darkening, freckling, and skin cancer are all possible side effects of this exposure. This form of damage is not simply caused by the sun. Indoor tanning has been a popular pastime in recent decades, but it has also been linked to significant skin damage. While Photo-aging is a word used to describe a variety of changes to the skin that might be linked to UV exposure. Sun exposure is responsible for 90% of the changes we label sun damaged skin.
Types of UV rays that Cause Sun Damaged Skin
UVA and UVB are the two types of UV radiation that cause sun damage.
UVA (longer-wave) photons cause the skin to tan in an undesirable fashion, but they are not the rays that cause sunburn. UVA rays penetrate far deeper into the skin, causing skin cancer and premature aging.
Sunburn is caused by UVB (shorter-wave) radiation, which also causes premature aging damage. Most skin malignancies are thought to be caused by UVB.
Consequences of Sun Damage
has considerably more serious long-term skin consequences. Sun damage essentially affects the skin’s capacity to keep the important components it needs to look young and healthy (antioxidants, essential fatty acids, ceramides, hyaluronic acid, and vitamins).
In addition to potentially fatal skin cancer, unprotected sun exposure from UVA and UVB radiation have long-term repercussions such as:
- Skin discolorations and uneven tone.
- Increased fine lines and wrinkles.
- Dry, thin, creepy-looking skin.
- Buildup on the surface layer results in dull, congested skin.
UVA sun damaged skin is considered more insidious because you don’t feel any pain or discomfort from it, yet it still damages your skin. This produces skin irregularities over time, leading to the most severe forms of skin aging and a higher risk of skin cancer
Minimize the Visible Signs of Sun Damage
- Exfoliant with AHA or BHA: Removes the buildup of unhealthy skin caused by sun exposure, restoring smoothness, enhancing skin tone, and resulting in a more radiant complexion.
- Retinol: Reduces the appearance of wrinkles and other symptoms of aging caused by the sun’s damaging effects.
- Vitamin C brightens uneven skin tone caused by sun exposure dramatically.
- Antioxidant serum: Protects skin from environmental damage and improves the effectiveness of SPF products.
The purpose of laser for sun damage treatment is to encourage tissue renewal and collagen synthesis by injuring the skin in a regulated way. Lasers produce single-color, high-energy light beams. Lasers have precise chemical targets, unlike sunlight, which has a broad light spectrum and damages at random. The target molecules for skin resurfacing lasers are usually water, hemoglobin, and melanin.
IR light is absorbed by water. Longer IR rays are absorbed strongly and do not pass through the epidermis and upper dermis. Shorter ones, on the other hand, reach the lower dermis without harming the superficial layers.
Hemoglobin, the red pigment in your blood, absorbs visible light, particularly green-yellow light. Melanin, the primary pigment in the epidermis, absorbs IR, and visible, and UV wavelengths. Short IR lasers are minimally absorbed, making them suited for those with darker skin.
Laser For Sun Damage Treatment
What Laser Type is Used for Sun Damage Treatment?
To treat sun damaged skin, laser doctors employ a variety of laser skin resurfacing techniques. They are either ablative or non-ablative.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) and erbium: yttrium aluminum garnet (Er: YAG) lasers are examples of ablative lasers. Long IR waves are emitted, which can melt superficial skin cells. They generate more inflammation than their non-ablative counterparts, but they also produce better and more dramatic outcomes. More serious lesions, including as deep wrinkles and actinic keratoses, are best treated with ablative lasers.
The Er: YAG laser employs an infrared wavelength that is absorbed more intensely by water. The CO2 laser causes less damage and is less precise. CO2 laser therapy, on the other hand, can be more successful for skin rejuvenation in the hands of a trained professional.
Ablative lasers usually necessitate injectable pain medication and a lengthier recovery period.
The pulsed dye laser (PDL), intense pulsed light (IPL), and non-ablative Fraxel laser are all non-ablative therapies. These methods use laser beams to target deeper areas in the skin while leaving much of the epidermis intact. Because the effects are gradual and mild, they are ineffective in curing severe sun damage.
Lasers that are not ablative do not produce open wounds or substantial pain. Their side effects are usually minor as well.
PDL is a hemoglobin-targeting agent that works well in places with a lot of blood vessels.
Q&A For Sun Damaged Skin
Laser sun damage treatment is a non-toxic and non-invasive therapy that uses light energy to repair and regenerate skin cells. The procedure reduces the need for medication, improves the outcomes for treated skin conditions and increases the recovery rates of affected tissues. Laser skin resurfacing is the best option for skin that's severely sun damaged. With our newest GentleMax Pro Plus™, we deliver gentle laser energy into your tissue. Then, it absorbs the energy as heat without harming the surface area. This heat, in turn, creates a mild healing response in your skin, and one of the first things your body responds with is renewed production of collagen.
The dual wavelength GentleMax Pro Plus™ helps smooth wrinkles by stimulating and increasing collagen production under the surface of the skin. An overall improvement in skin texture, skin tone and pore size can be expected after a series of treatments. Photo rejuvenation can also remove unwanted brown spots and freckles resulting from sun damage, age, and hormones, as well as make small facial blood vessels disappear from the skin’s surface.
Directly after your session, your skin will be red and may be a little swollen. Some people also experience a sensation like a sunburn. Cool compresses and aloe vera gel can help to relieve this. Most people will see the redness and swelling dissipate within hours, though for those with sensitive skin, it could last several days.
This will depend on the condition of your skin and the severity of the sun damage. On average, most people generally need at least three treatments spaced about a month and a half apart. We will be able to give you an estimate of the sessions needed during your consultation.
Most people state that the treatment is not painful, but it can produce some discomfort at times. This is generally remedied by the Dynamic Cooling Device™ on the Gentlemax Pro Plus™. If you have sensitive skin or are concerned about discomfort during your procedure, a topical anesthetic can be used to keep you as comfortable as possible.
The length of a laser treatment session will depend on the size of the area being treated. For some people, this may take just a few minutes. For others, it can require 30 to 60 minutes. When you schedule your session, we will be able to give you an accurate time estimate.
Sun Damaged Skin Treatment Cost
- Treatment of Laser-Responsive Dermal Pigmentary Conditions in Type III-IV Asian Skin With a 755-nm Picosecond Pulse Duration Laser: A Retrospective Review of Its Efficacy and Safety
- 755-nm Alexandrite Picosecond Laser with a Diffractive Lens Array or Zoom Handpiece for Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Two Case Reports with a Three-Year Follow-Up
- Lasers for Treatment of Melasma and Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation