Freckles

Freckles removal treatment using laser at our Toronto clinic

FRECKLES REMOVAL USING LASER

Freckles are extra patches of pigment under your skin, in most cases they are harmless. They are created because of overproduction of melanin. Freckles are a build-up of melanin on your skin’s outer layer. They come from ultraviolet (UV) radiation stimulation. Freckles often show up during childhood and can continue until the 20’s. People with fair skin or red hair usually have them. At Laser Skin Clinic, we offer freckles removal using laser.

There are two type of freckles, ephelides and solar lentigines. 

Ephelides are genetic and first show up around 2 to 3 years old, usually after sun exposure. They can go away as you age and tend to fade during winter or by avoiding direct sunlight. 

Solar lentigines, often called age spots, sunspots, or liver spots. They show up as you get older and are common in people in their 50’s or older. They don’t disappear and show up because of sun exposure and aging.

freckles removal Toronto

What are Freckles and Freckles Removal using Laser?

What are freckles?

Freckles are small brown spots on your skin that appear in sun-exposed areas. Freckles are generally not harmful. They form because of excessive melanin production, which is responsible for skin and hair color (pigmentation). Freckles are caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation stimulation.

Freckles are classified into two types: ephelides and solar lentigines. Ephelides are the most common type of freckle that people think of. Solar lentigines are dark patches of skin that form in adults. Freckles, aging spots, and sunspots are examples of this. The appearance of the two types of freckles may be similar, but they differ in other ways, such as their development.

How do you get freckles?

Ephelides:Sun exposure and sunburns cause these freckles to appear. They can appear on anyone who does not use UV protection. They are visible on your face, back of your hands, and upper body. This type of freckle is more common in people with lighter skin tones and hair color. Ephelides are more common in Caucasian and Asian people.

Solar lentigines:this freckle is similar to ephelides but are more common in Caucasians and adults over the age of 40.

What increases your chance of having freckles?

Freckles can be attributed to both the natural environment and genetics. Freckles can be exacerbated by your exposure to sunburns. Frequent sunburns and a gene called MC1R, which provides instructions for generating melanin, were both found to predict the prevalence of freckles in a study of 522 middle-aged French women. However, the gene does not affect everyone in the same manner. Pheomelanin and eumelanin are two types of melanin.

People with pheomelanin-producing skin are not protected from UV radiation and are more likely to have:

  • light skin
  • freckles
  • skin that tans poorly
  • red or blonde hair

 

People with more eumelanin are more protected from skin damage by UV and have:

  • darker skin
  • brown or black hair
  • skin that tans easily

 

Solar lentigines

The French study also discovered that various factors enhanced the likelihood of solar lentigines,including; sun exposure, history of freckles, hormone medication such as oral birth control.

Freckles Removal Laser Treatment

Laser treatment targets damaged skin with pulses of concentrated strong light. Lasers come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The 1064 Q-Switched Nd YAG laser is effective for treating freckles, according to a 2015 study. According to the findings, this laser treatment lightened more than 50% of freckles in 62% of patients.

Laser therapy is generally considered safe. Scarring is unlikely to occur.Other side effects,however, may occur, including:

  • swelling
  • itching
  • redness
  • crustiness
  • infection
  • changes in skin
  • color
  • peeling

Freckles Removal Treatment Toronto & Richmond Hill

Q&A For Freckles

According to a 2015 study, the 1064 Q-Switched Nd YAG laser is effective for treating freckles. Study results showed treatment with this laser lightened more than 50 percent of freckles in 62 percent of participants. Laser treatment is generally safe. We offer effective & safe laser removal for freckles, pigmentation and age spots using our recommended GentleMax Pro Plus™, the gold standard for laser treatment. The face, chest, shoulders, and arms are the most popular areas for laser treatment because they have typically had the most sun exposure.

Tanning is a contraindication for laser treatment. You need to avoid sun exposure at least 2 weeks prior to laser treatment and 2 weeks after. You should avoid tanning sprays and lotions as well. Sun exposure or darker skin colour increases the chance of pigment changes and other skin irritations

Laser has been used since the 1960s in medicine, surgery, and aesthetics without any adversity. Unlike UVA and UVB, laser is unable to produce genetic change and therefore does not add to the development of cancer or cause any risk to the skin.

Usually, one to two treatments are required to achieve results. Additional treatments may be required for very large or dark spots, densely freckled areas or excessively sun damaged skin.

Following the laser treatment, the freckles will start to darken. You may notice a slight reddening of the surrounding skin. This typically subsides within a couple of hours. Over the next 5 to 10 days, the darkened spots will fade or flake off naturally like dry skin, revealing new pink skin underneath that will gradually return to normal skin colour over time. You need to use sunscreen during this stage and avoid the sun.

Reappearance of freckles usually will appear with further sun exposure. Patients are recommended to avoid direct sunlight and apply SPF 30+ sunscreen regularly.

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